One of the most dominant trends we have found in the discourse on sustainability is that we need to evaluate materials in a life cycle design perspective. Instead of being treated with the current attitude of “use once and throw away”, materials should be seen as valuable resources.
Curiously, concepts such as ‘waste’ and ‘pollution’ do not exist in nature. In natural ecosystems everything has a purpose and can be (re)used for something else, which points to the idea of waste as a man-made and even self-inflicted problem. So in the discussion on new material, redefining the concept of waste is the greatest design challenge for the near future.